After we consider mushrooms and the southern Mexico state of Oaxaca, the very first thing which historically involves thoughts is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. However slowly that is all altering on account of the groundbreaking work of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by their firm, Mico-lógica.
Based mostly within the village of Benito Juárez, positioned in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (extra generally often called the Sierra Norte, the state’s most important ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to coach each Mexicans and guests to the nation within the low-cost cultivation of a wide range of mushroom species; to coach in regards to the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms; and to conduct ongoing analysis concerning optimum climatic areas and the range of substrata for mushroom tradition.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in reality to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Sure, coming all the way in which to Mexico from France to pursue my curiosity in mushrooms psilly shrooms looks as if an extended approach to journey,” Mathieu defined in a current interview in Oaxaca. “However there actually wasn’t a lot of a possibility to conduct research and develop a enterprise in Western Europe,” he continues, “since reverence for mushrooms had been all however utterly eradicated by The Church over the course of centuries; and I realized that Mexico nonetheless maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and dietary worth of hongos. Mexico is much from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is greater than a 5 hour drive from the closest metropolitan middle. Accordingly, Mathieu finally realized that staying in Huautla, whereas holding an historic attract and being in a geographic area conducive to working with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to develop a enterprise and domesticate widespread curiosity in studying about fungi. Mathieu turned cognizant of the burgeoning repute of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom pageant), held yearly in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez on the summertime weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Metropolis in 2002. The 2 shared comparable pursuits; Jiménez had studied agronomy, and for near a decade had been working with sustainable agriculture tasks in rural farming communities within the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez turned enterprise, after which life companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on three mushroom species of their hands-on seminars; oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re additionally instructing a good bit in regards to the medicinal makes use of of mushrooms, so extra time is required,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it is predominantly [but not exclusively] a course on cultivation.”
Whereas coaching seminars at the moment are solely given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez plan to develop operations to incorporate each the central valleys and coastal areas of Oaxaca. The article is to have a community of producers rising totally different mushrooms that are optimally suited to cultivation primarily based on the actual microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and thus as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to totally different climatic areas is exceptional. “The oyster could be grown in a mess of various substrata, and that is what we’re experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown on merchandise which might in any other case be waste, resembling discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (together with the fibrous waste produced in mezcal distillation), peas, the widespread river reed often called carriso, sawdust, and the record goes on. Agricultural waste which can in any other case be left to rot or be burned, every with antagonistic environmental implications, can type substrata for mushroom cultivation. It must be famous, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, inexperienced business. Over the previous a number of years Mexico has actually been on the fore in lots of areas of sustainable business.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even higher environmental good:
“They’ll maintain as much as thirty thousand instances their mass, having implications for inhibiting erosion. They have been used to wash up oil spills by absorption and thus are an vital car for habitat restoration. Analysis has been achieved with mushrooms within the battle towards carpenter ant destruction; it has been recommended that using fungi has the potential to utterly revamp the pesticide business in an environmentally pleasant method. There are actually a whole bunch of different eco-friendly purposes for mushroom use, and in every case the mushroom stays an edible by-product. Check out the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, 6 Methods Mushrooms Can Save The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can usually be discovered promoting their merchandise on weekends within the natural markets in Oaxaca. They’re each more than pleased to debate the dietary worth of their merchandise which vary from naturally their contemporary mushrooms, but in addition as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can’t be present in fruits or greens, and accordingly a food plan which incorporates fungi is extraordinarily vital for vegetarians who can’t get B12, most frequently contained in meats. Mushrooms can simply be an alternative to meats, with the benefit that they aren’t loaded with antibiotics and hormones usually present in industrially processed meat merchandise.
Mico-lógica additionally promote teas and extracts constituted of totally different mushroom species, every formulated as both a dietary complement, or for his or her medicinal properties. Whereas neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological background to prescribe mycological remedy for critical illnesses, Mathieu’s personal analysis factors to the medicinal use of mushrooms relationship from pre-history, to the current. He notes properties of mushrooms which can assist to revive the immune system, and thus using fungi as a complement within the remedy of most cancers and AIDS, and their utility in controlling diabetes and treating excessive ldl cholesterol.